Employee Wellness Programs Definition:
"Define Thyroid Hormone?"

The Thyroid Hormone, also known as TH, is seen in all chordate animals. It is one of the biggest sources of biochemical molecules that incorporate the molecule iodine which is rarely found on land. TH is produced by a butterfly-shaped gland situated behind the larynx, known as thyroid, in effect to the Thyroid Stimulating hormone (TSH) released by the pituitary gland.

The two major forms of thyroid hormones are triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4) of which Thyroxine represents 99.9% of the thyroid hormones whereas T3 comprises of the remaining. However, in terms of biological power, the T3 hormone is the most powerful as it affects the metabolic activity in the body. TH also produces another hormone known as calcitonin that regulates the levels of calcium in the body.

The role of Thyroid Hormone in the body is the conversion of food into energy is one of the most important functions of TH. It also keeps the body temperature under control. The Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) which stimulates the TH helps in the stimulation of a mitochondria rich tissue, known as the adipose tissue, which enhances production of heat sans any kind of muscle activity. TH also plays a vital role in the process of metamorphosis in all vertebrates.

Disorders related to thyroid hormone

Hypothyroidism: This disorder is caused due to the deficiency of triiodothyronine or thyroxine or both. Hypothyroidism can sometimes leads to clinical depression, a mental disorder characterized by low self-esteem, low mood and loss of interest and pleasure.

Hyperthyroidism: This disorder is caused due to the excessive secretion of triiodothyronine or thyroxine or both. It is one of the most common thyroid related disorders affecting as many as 0.25 of men and 2% of women. People suffering from this disorder have a difficulty in sleeping and sleep much less than normal people.

Treatment for diseases related to TH (Thyroid Hormone)

Diseases related to TH are treated with the help of medications, surgery and by radioactive therapy. Medications such as steroids and the no-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to reduce the inflammation of the thyroid glands whereas surgery is performed to remove an overactive nodule or goiter or when there is a possibility of cancer.

To conclude, there has been lot of under-diagnosis of thyroid diseases which has affected research and ultimately, the lives of affected patients. There is a big question mark on the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases in developed countries.

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