Employee Wellness Programs Term:
"Define "Diabetes"

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which occurs when the human body does not produce enough insulin or do not use the insulin present in the body properly. Insulin is a vital hormone that converts starch, sugar and other food intake into energy.

Diabetes also known as Diabetes mellitus occurs mainly due to constant presence of high levels of blood sugar (glucose) in the body. The blood glucose levels need to be maintained always, and the insulin and glucagon regulates the presence of glucose in your blood. The glucagon causes the liver to release glucose from the cells into blood for energy production. However, when a person suffers diabetes the glucagon doesn't function effectively and doesn't release the glucose from the cells into blood.

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Typically there are three types of diabetes, which are:

  • Type I Diabetes
  • Type I Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes

1. Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. One of the main causes of type 1 diabetes, scientists believe is hereditary. Type 1 diabetes often occurs a short while after viral infection. Type 1 diabetes is very common among whites but it can occur to anybody. Type1 diabetes is common in people under age 20; more than half of the people suffering from type 1 diabetes are aged below 20.

2. Nearly 95% of people suffering from diabetes suffer from type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. This type of diabetes produces insulin but the cells in the patient's body is resistant to insulin. The cells don't respond to the hormone, which leads to accumulation of glucose in the body. Type 2diabetes can be brought under control through controlled diet, exercise and oral diabetes medications. Type2 diabetes is more prominent among Latinos, Hispanics, Native Americans and African- Americans. Researchers suggest that obesity is one of the most important causes of type2 diabetes.

3. Gestational is more common among women, especially among pregnant ladies. Studies show that nearly 137,000 females in US develop gestational diabetes every year. Gestational diabetes typically gets cleared up on its own after women delivers. Gestational diabetes can be easily prevented by maintaining a healthy weight while conceiving, having healthy food and with regular exercise. One of the main causes of this diabetes is hormonal. While the women are pregnant they produce several hormones that are important for baby's well-being, but these hormones interfere with the functioning of insulin. Asians and whites are less vulnerable to this disease as compared to African-Americans, Native Americans and people of Latino decent.

Diabetes of any type can be dangerous and requires immediate and proper treatment. Consult your doctor or wellness program provider to take the appropriate treatment process if you are suffering form any type of diabetes.



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